Biography & Discography:

ASCAP Ace Database (

Internet Movie Database (

Internet Broadway Database (

Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences (

ASCAP Biographical Dictionary, 3rd Edition.
Copyright 1966.

Pop Memories: 1890-1954
Whitburn, Joel.
Record Research, Inc. Copyright 1986.

Material and Memorabilia:

All Material provided is courtesy of the Songwriters Hall of Fame Archives.